There are a multitude of conditions that can cause pelvic pain in both those with female and those with male anatomy. Some common conditions are listed below.
Vaginismus: Involuntary contraction of outer pelvic floor muscles in anticipation of pain with penetration.
Vulvodynia: Pain or discomfort to the vulvar area.
Vestibulodynia: Pain or discomfort to the entrance to the vagina. The pain increases with attempts of vaginal penetration.
Dyspareunia: Pain with intercourse at any point (with attempts at penetration or deep penetration).
Pudendal Neuralgia: Pain or altered sensation within the pelvis caused by the irritation of the pudendal nerve, a nerve within the pelvis. Caused by tension due to constipation or change in organ/tissue position, external compression, chronic infections, or injury during surgery.
Endometriosis Pain: Endometriosis occurs when the uterine lining grows outside of the uterus, which is shed during the period. With endometriosis, the tissue begins to grow, causing inflammation and fascial adhesions resulting in pain.
Other conditions that can cause pelvic pain: tailbone injury, abdominal, pelvic, hip surgeries, urinary tract or vaginal infections, interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome